the age At which employees of the special schemes and public officials "assets" will they be able to leave after the reform ? The subject is explosive.
to Take his retirement before the time... A dream for many, a right that is linked to professional status for a million contributors. The officials in "active" and a large part of the personnel of the special diet can, in fact, from before 62. In practice, many of them did not use this advantage, to improve their pension.
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That will become this right after the reform ? The issue was these last days in the heart of the consultations conducted with the social partners by Jean-Paul Delevoye, responsible for setting up the future system of universal pensions. At the end of a long week of discussions, the blur remains.Your support is essential. Subscribe for $ 1 support Us
About 765 000 public servants concerned...
The 765 000 public servants classified as "active" are those whose employment presents a particular risk or hardship exceptional. Nearly 6 in 10 work in the public hospital service (caregivers, for example), 23% in the public service of the State (guardians of the peace, prison guards, etc) and 18% in the territorial public service (firefighters, égoutiers, municipal police, etc) (1).
Several reforms in recent decades have reduced their number, for example the gradual termination of the body of teachers and the transformation of the status of nursing.
from what age these public servants assets can they take their retirement today ? 57-year-old for the most part, provided you have at least 17 years of active service. 52-year-old for a handful of professions, so-called "super-active", resulting from the national Police, the prison administration and the air traffic control.
... and nearly 300,000 contributors special diets
The departures are also the rule in most special diets, even if the minimum age were remote. Approximately 300 000 people belonging to a dozen of these plans today have a status to leave before age 62. The minimum age varies between 50 and 60 years, depending on the trades and businesses. Has the SNCF, for example, drivers can retire at age 52 (on a transitional basis between 50 and 51 years and 8 months for the generations born before 1972), provided you have "rolled" at least 17 years of age, and non-drivers to 57 years (between 55 and 56 years and 8 months for the generations before 1967).
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The four main schemes are: SNCF , with approximately 135,000 employees receiving status ; the gas and electric industries , of which 63 000 of the approximately 140 000 employees, affiliates have the right to early retirement ; the RATP , of which 36 000 employees, about 42 000 of the group are eligible for an early retirement pension ; some 35,000 marine (2).
In the other special regimes practicing departures, like that of the Paris Opera, the Comédie française or the Bank of France, the contributors are only a few thousands or even hundreds of people.
exceptions accepted, on the principle,
These "exceptions" to the minimum age for normal starting age of 62 years, are they acceptable in the future pension system, which Emmanuel Macron wants to "universal" ? During his campaign, the candidate wrote in his program as "conditions of age" could "be different, due to the characteristics of the professions".
"The establishment of a universal system that allows the maintenance of specific devices, since these derogations are based on objective characteristics," said Jean-Paul Delevoye in a document sent to the social partners. There would, therefore, always, in the future, government officials, assets, and employees, from special diets that can retire early. But to determine who will be eligible, the idea would be not to be based on the status or occupation but rather on the function really exercised, so on the actual exposure at risk - on the same status, for example, in the national Police, which may involve different risks.
In the entourage of the high commissioner insisted on a second principle : to craft the same, the same treatment. For the sake of fairness, if a same job, with the same risk exists in the public and the private, there is no reason that the minimum age of departure is different, " explains one. Example of a profession that can be exercised in public or in private : caregiver.
questions to shovel
Who will be able to from at what age ? What "objective characteristics" shall, for active staff members and employees from the special diet, a departure before age 62 ? What will be the criteria ? And what will happen when trades are identical will be identified in the public and in the private sector ? Alignment by the bottom or the top ?
On these subjects with potentially explosive atmospheres, the artisans of the reform are not prolix in detail. The answers should, however, more delay, as it is for the time being the question of submitting the draft comprehensive pension reform in June.
For reasons budgéowners, it is difficult to believe that the rights currently reserved for public officials, and to special schemes should be extended to the private... conversely, it can be assumed that the device of drudgery today specific to the employees, the professional account of prevention (C2P), will be extended to the public service, for those who will not benefit or addition to the departures mentioned above. This account allows today to employees exposed to certain factors of hardness of from more early in retirement, a maximum of two years before the age.
The transition from one system to another will be smooth, in particular, to comply with "agreements" made with the assets concerned, when they started their career, says one in the entourage of the high commissioner, without specifying on how many years it will be spread out.
What about the other departures ?
The military are also provided with a special status. The entitlement is granted as a general rule, from a certain length of service (17 to 27 years) without a minimum age. Their case must be handled in the weeks to come.
As for the departures before 62 years granted not because of status but of a specific situation, for example, those who have started to work sooner or disabled workers, they must be maintained. According to arrangements as yet unknown.
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(1) Figures released by the high commissioner to the pension reform.
(2) Digit of the high commissioner ; are accounted for in the personal of the special regimes will be affected by an age retirement pension earlier than that of the general regime in 2024, on the eve of the announced application of the reform.