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Emmanuel Macron wants to-it police the unemployed?

allowances for employees who have resigned and the self-employed, training "sanctioned certifying"... The other candidate Running has detailed its proposals o

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Emmanuel Macron wants to-it police the unemployed?

allowances for employees who have resigned and the self-employed, training "sanctioned certifying"... The other candidate Running has detailed its proposals on unemployment insurance that he wants to deeply reform it. And control.

The unemployment will be "at the heart of his project." In an interview with the daily Les Echos, 24 February, Emmanuel Macron presented the main lines and its economic project as well as a framing of the budget. On the question of unemployment, which he considers so central, the former Economy minister is considering important changes.

READ ALSO >> The right to unemployment benefits for the self-employed Macron could cost them dear

The other candidate is Walking first of all wants to reform the Unédic, the organisation in charge of unemployment insurance in the nationalised. "Governance will be public. It is necessary that the system really changes", says the former minister of Economy, who wishes thus to ignore the social partners are currently co-managers of Unédic. He had already mentioned this trajectory in his book Revolution.

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"A safety net for all, but with real requirements"

The presidential candidate wants to change the governance but also the very nature of the unemployment insurance program by passing a logic of insurance - contributing employees must ensure against the risk of loss of employment and then be compensated - to a universal right", he defines universal health coverage. Unemployment would become a sort of law for all, which the candidate intends to extend to employees who resign (every five years) but also to the self-employed after five years of activity and to the liberal professions.

ALSO READ >> 15 cases where we can affect unemployment in the event of a resignation

"This proposal has the meaning at the time of the uberisation," says Hervé Chapron, former deputy director general of Pôle emploi, and the author of a work* on the issue. If I am opposed to the effects of the windfall that might create the right to compensation in case of resignation, it seems to me quite logical to propose this law to those who take risks. But the problem is that Emmanuel Macron says nothing about the colossal deficit of the unemployment insurance program, which is 30 billion euros at a time when I speak to you. However, by expanding the number of elected representatives potential, we widen the deficit."

READ ALSO >> Debt of the unemployment insurance: the unemployed are not the only ones responsible

Emmanuel Macron intends to attach to these new "rights" to "duties". It has, in fact, strengthen the obligations of job-seekers. "My new system creates a safety net for everyone, but with real requirements," says the candidate.

What form would they ? Emmanuel Macron gives few details, but he explains that upon the arrival of an unemployed person within the Pôle emploi, a "skills assessment" will be carried out and that it will be directed to a training "really learning". What does he mean by the term "training really qualifying" ? The other candidate Market does not explain it. "It is essential to ask the question of courses and their orientation towards sectors that are recruiting," says Hervé Chapron. For the moment, the system is not working well and the employment rate is very low. Emmanuel Macron establishes the correct diagnosis in wanting to take action on the training, but he gives vague answers."

"The cream pie of the control of the unemployed"

The only details provided at the moment relate to the post-training follow-that is considering the candidate Macron. Once formed, the job seeker will have to "accept offers that are available to them." In addition, the benefits will be "strictly conditioned (to) research efforts, with an extreme control", threat Emmanuel Macron. Also cannot refuse more than two offers "decent", said on march 2, the candidate Works. by decent he means "whose salary is not less than 20-25% of that of the former position".

"This is the cream pie recurring, the control of the unemployed," exclaimed Hervé Chapron. In 2008 with the law on the rights and duties of the unemployed, Nicolas Sarkozy had wanted to establish an inability to refuse more than two offers to say a reasonable job but it was never market. Why? Because a court may not issue the block elements." The candidate places a lot of emphasis on the strengthening of controls in order to better "monitor" the job seekers. However, the method already exists within the Pôle emploi. A device is indeed in place since the end of the year 2015.

READ ALSO >> The control of the unemployed in five questions

200 additional officers have been mobilized to address a questionnaire to the unemployed that are the subject of increased attention. They must then justify their approaches. In case of absence of material evidence, a telephone interview is organized. As a last resort, unemployed persons are convoked in their agency. But this device has more attempt to remotivate the unemployed and discouraged by a searching often long and difficult. It is, in any case, that showed a study of the public operator published during the experimentation of the controls. "The boss of Pole emploi, Jean Bassères, has always said that he envisaged it as a way to save the unemployed who were faltering and not as a method of police infiltration," adds Hervé Chapron.

* Usage: Everything is going very well, Madame la Marquise, editions Docis, January 2017.

Read our complete file

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To accomplish this follow-up enforcement of the unemployed, Pôle emploi will also need to hire additional agents. Of agents fully dedicated to the support and monitoring of the unemployed. But that, Emmanuel Macron'm not talking about it...

* Usage: Everything is going very well, Madame la Marquise, editions Docis, January 2017.

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