the EUROPEAN union has set the toughest requirements in the world's car manufacturers when it comes to the control of emissions of carbon dioxide.
Each manufacturer is allowed to have a goal, which depends on the product mix, but overall, the vehicles must not emit more than 95 grams of carbon dioxide per kilometre.
the Consulting firm PA Consulting, has a five-year period-examined how well-equipped they are to large manufacturers to meet their objectives. And the result is disappointing.
the releases from the Europe's 13th largest producer, the trend in 2018, when the majority of the manufacturers of the cars, the emissions. The collapse was caused by, among other things, that the consumer chose gasoline cars over diesel fuel at a higher level, in the wake of the dieselskandalen. The demand for larger and heavier vehicles has also increased.
PA Consulting, is now expected by all of the reviewed manufacturers are set to miss their targets, and thus are in danger of total pay, up from 14.5 billion euros of a 150 billion – in-fines.
the Fine is set at € 95 per gram of carbon, which exceeds the manufacturer's EUROPEAN union-objectives, and is multiplied by the number of cars sold. As a result, the major manufacturers will also receive the maximum fine. < / span> , who was the producer of which came to light four years ago, and with that, the forge, utsläppstesterna. According to the consulting firm at risk to the group at 4.5 billion, nearly a 50-billion-dollars – in-fines.
Fiat and Chrysler are at risk of 2.5 billion euros in fines, one-billion-more than Ford of Europe is at risk. In the third place, in the bötesligan ports, the Renault-Nissan group-Nissan, which could be forced to pay a € 1.1 billion.
as you can See in the place of the league table, that is to say, the manufacturers that are closest to the individual, the EU-targets, ports, Toyota is at the top. The manufacturer is expected to place only 95,1 grams of carbon dioxide per kilometre by next year, the individual is the goal of 94.9 grams.
the French PSA (Peugeot) and Renault-Nissan and Mitsubishi will be fairly close to their targets, the deviation and to 4.9 grams per kilometre. They still get such high fines is because they have a best-seller among the brands of the group.
from third place last year to eleventh place this year. The manufacturer's emissions were higher in 2018 than 2017, and also regarding the PA Consulting forecast that the emissions will fall from sek 129.5 g / km by 2018 at 121 grams, the next year, it is a good way to target on-108,5 grams.
the Result is that Volvo Cars are at risk of a fine of 382 million, or just over four billion dollars.<