this year will be the United Nations, 75 years of age. The cooperation of the united nations, has historically been successful, and the world, even though the height of konfliktnivå in the last couple of years, has never been more secure, and more prosperous place.
the Challenges are missing, however, is not. While in the context of development cooperation and the framework of human rights, reform the set of divisions within and between the countries of the new requirements, and also to the system of management. Syrienkonflikten a humanitarian catastrophe, which is in its tenth year, is one of the clearest examples of this.
the united nations was an integral part of the puzzle was added when the segermakterna create a new world order after the second world war. In russia, the united states and the united kingdom, took advantage of his position, and the lock-in of the new world in the decision-making structure that quickly became obsolete. Veto – the ability of the un security council's five permanent members, to stop a decision was a prerequisite for the UN's creation. Unfortunately, however, there is also a lot of times, set the trip of the idea of the united nations charter to protect international peace and security.
in Syria, the consequences are enormous. The united nations estimates that 400,000 people have been killed. One million have fled their homes, six million of whom are refugees in their own land, and of thirteen million people, of which six million are children, are in need of humanitarian assistance.
the united nations security council has adopted 23 resolutions, in whole or in part, in international law. Since the conflict's outbreak, 15 march, 2011, fourteen resolutions were stopped by the Russian federation for more than four years ago, we went into the war on the syrian regime.
back In december of last year, the Russian federation, with the support of China, said in his recent veto, this time against a united nations humanitarian aid via Turkey, and Iraq. The aid should have gone to the more than 900,000 victims of this winter's outbreak of violence in Idlib and the neighboring provinces of north-west Russia.
It is clear that the security council has not lived up to its responsibility to protect the syrian civilian population
as has been done in the past few decades, countered by the vetomakterna. It is clear that the security council has not lived up to its responsibility to protect the syrian civilian population. As a result, the syrian regime and the Russian military's regular attacks against the civilian population have been able to continue. The actions of the united nations human rights office condemned as a possible war crimes.
the Security council has been unwilling to use the legal opportunities that are available. The council has, for example, has not handed over any case related to the suspected crimes in Syria to the International criminal court for trial.
for a further discussion of the right of veto with the aim of eventually eliminating it. A global movement of non-governmental organizations, academia, and governments, are questioning the veto and its application, and presents ideas on how to vetoanvändningen to begin with, it can be minimized. An important task is to keep the pressure on the vetovänliga of the permanent members of the security council. Some of the suggestions in this discussion are as follows:
Require that the permanent members of the council to agree not to use the veto in situations where one of the most serious types of crimes likely to be committed. , These calls to action have been put forward in 2009 by the united nations secretary-general Ban Ki-moon in his report on the concept of the responsibility to protect, 2012, by a group of smaller nations in the ”Small Five " Initiative,” and, in 2015, of the code of conduct of Accountability, Coherence and Transparency Group (ACT). The initiative is supported by 119 states, including the vetomakterna, France, and the united kingdom. In france, set in 2018, aims to be a two-thirds majority of the UN member states of the eu in the near future, it will speak for itself, for the veto to be limited in this type of situation.
a Question, if the veto is used, international law is correct. a group of Students, for example, the sweden-based Stop the Illegitimate vetoes any international graduates in the u.s. folkrättsprofessorn Jennifer Trahan questioned whether the veto is being used as it was originally intended. Trahan suggests that the united nations general assembly to request the International court of justice issues an opinion on the veto, which is placed certainly is under international law is correct. < / p>
Revive the procedure, the synergy for peace.
it Makes it politically costly to the use of the veto. the UN's 193 member states, should be subject to a right of veto given to the assembly. It will also be necessary for the national parliaments of the member states, non-governmental organizations and freedom of the media in which they are to be aware of the use of the veto.
the Swedish military officers who took part in the UN observer mission in Syria in 2012, he testified that, after his return, on the concerns about the future. Eight years later, the fleeing of hundreds of thousands of still, the bombs of the assad regime. Sweden negotiated, as a member of the security council, by 2017-2018, presented two resolutions on humanitarian aid to Syria to help, that has to be stopped by continuing the war, and the bureaucratic obstacles in the path. In June, adds to a humanitarian resolution put to the vote of the council, and this time, there is talk that Russia and China are able to come to a stop the aid altogether. It would be another terrible blow to the people on the flight who are already suffering so much.
this is being discussed all over the world, the united nations of the future. Initiatives, the veto is among the most important contributions. The sooner they get support and are able to be realized, the sooner the conflicts will be stopped and humanitarian assistance to reach civilian populations in Syria and other conflict zones.
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