in the light of Climate change vägvalsutredningen, whose report is now before us, is presented here as a proposal for a sustainable, long-term funding, the net negative emissions. The proposal involves the radical reduction of carbon emissions and show how we can reduce the klimatskulden for generations to come.
There are a lot of reasons to keep global warming below 1.5 degrees celsius. In order to be successful, we need to keep greenhouse gas emissions within the so-called " koldioxidbudgeten, that is, with the current level of emissions is the end, only about eight years of age. We need to rapidly reduce emissions.
the basic problem that fossil fuels, it is usually the cheapest way to meet our energy needs, it has an easy solution, namely to provide a high enough cost to emit carbon dioxide.
in the end, we are going to need a large net negative emissions. So, we have to cleanse the atmosphere of carbon dioxide. The approaches that have reasonable costs in exploiting the plant's ability to absorb carbon dioxide in the air, such as reforestation, changes in farming methods and the capture and storage of carbon dioxide from the combustion of biomass, known as bio-carbon capture and storage.
a net negative emissions is to break the natural cycle, so that the carbon dioxide which the plants are detected, prevented from returning to the atmosphere of the place. This can often be done in conjunction with the biomass is used in a different way, for example, the production of energy. Also, the waste from the biomass that has been used in products such as building materials and timber-based products, as well as the end-of-life paper fibres can be incinerated with concomitant carbon dioxide capture.
the Current global yield of biomass in agricultural and forestry activities on the carbon dioxide that we, and our pets, breathe, equivalent to one-third of the total global carbon emissions from fossil fuels. All of this biomass can not be used for bio-CCS, but on the other hand, there is the expectation on the increase in the yield of the biomass. The potential is limited by a variety of factors, such as sustainability, the environment and the food supply. In a similar way, the opportunity for afforestation is limited by the availability of land.
the Potential to cause adverse effects on emissions, worldwide, is therefore a significant, but limited, on the one hand, gives us one last chance to pass the koldioxidbudgeten, but on the other hand, means that they are great fossil fuel emissions, the urgent need to stop.
with net negative emissions is that they will need to be funded. In the scenarios, that is, in order to cope with the climate change targets it is expected of our children and grandchildren will catch up to many hundreds of billions of tons of carbon dioxide emissions. With our contributions, we add the debt on to the generations to come, as the equivalent of the order of 100,000 per living human being. It is highly uncertain about the future of the prime minister, to be able to take the taxpayers ' money, which is needed to result in negative emissions of schools, hospitals, etc. However, if we have a period of time, there is a solution, and that is to allow the release of carbon dioxide to pay for the capture of carbon dioxide emissions. This principle, in English, ”Work Recovery Liability for what we refer to here as the liability to pay. Let the polluter pay städkostnaden is in line with the widely accepted principle that the polluter has liability for payment.
in Sweden, one of the world's richest countries have a large untapped potential for net negative emissions. In addition, we have, as well as the other rich countries for a long time, then spent our fair share of the total koldioxidbudgeten. In strict fairness, we should not only put an end immediately to greenhouse gas emissions, but also to catch up over the last 25 years of the release.
Rich countries have to lead the way and show you the way. The power of example is great. In the wake of Sweden's climate change act, now working in 65 countries, in order to achieve carbon neutrality by the year 2050.
in January, a liability for the carbon dioxide emissions that are not covered by the EU emissions trading scheme (ETS). This means that Sweden will halve the carbon dioxide emissions. This is just one example, Sweden is working for the EUROPEAN union is gradually in the face of a similar liability in the ETS.
How can this be implemented practically? In the absence of a viable market for the covered negative emissions allowed emitters to pay for future negative emissions into a fund that is set up in order to buy a net negative emissions. An appropriate price range can be from about 1,000 per tonne, the equivalent of the current expected cost of the bio-CCS, but it can be adjusted up or down as the technology matured and the costs are better known.
How could this be implemented practically? In the absence of a viable market for the covered negative emissions allowed emitters to pay for future negative emissions into a fund that is set up in order to buy a net negative emissions
outside of the eu ETS are around 23 million tonnes per year, of which more than 80% from the fuel. A payment of sek 1,000 per ton, corresponding to an increase by 2.30 per gallon of gasoline. There may be a need for a transition period in which the liability is partially offset by a reduction in taxes on fuel to mitigate the price increase, but in the end, be no cost impact to the state budget but by the emitters, through the increase in the price of fossil fuels. It shouldn't be a problem, and then set targets for the reduction of the transportation sector's emissions will require sharp rise in fuel prices. Per Kågeson is needed is a doubling of the price of petrol, and it is extremely important that the goals are maintained.
If we assume that carbon emissions outside the eu ETS-to reduce in a linear fashion to zero by 2045 there will be approximately 300 million tons that is taken out. This is the equivalent of a 10-million-ton-per-year for 30 years. As the country's emissions of carbon dioxide from the biomass of the larger plants are more than 30 million tons per year, this represents a realistic level.
We are introducing a transparent and reasonable cost on carbon emissions to finance net negative emissions.
the obvious consequence of the fact that the global koldioxidbudgeten coming to an end, and that the carbon budget is the end, which is that we need to capture our carbon dioxide emissions.
We spend a 2.300 sek, the Swedish, the equivalent of 0.5 per cent of our gross domestic product, or a couple of months of economic growth, in order to preserve the planet we have been given for the loan.
We'll show the world how we can rid our descendants of the giant koldioxidskuld we are now on to them.
We take ourselves out of our inertia and take immediate responsibility for the current release.
We get the weight behind the efforts to create similar solutions at the EUROPEAN level.
We get off to a near-standstill development in technology to result in negative emissions, and that Sweden is building up a skill set that is important to the world.
We hit the world by surprise, by the practice of halving greenhouse gas emissions and, thereby, shifts the boundary of what is perceived to be possible.
We demonstrate that we have understood the Greta Thunberg, as on that of our posterity – of the off – court action.
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