extreme weather, get a new dimension in the summer is measured 38 degrees in the north-eastern Siberia. The city Verkhojansk by the river Jana is the city with the rekordmålingen. The picture doesn't get any easier when we know that the city Verkhojansk is the city in the world that has kulderekord if we look away from Antarctica. For in the city is measured, 67, 8 degrees below freezing. The distance of the cold and the heat is thus almost 106 degrees. We are talking about that it at one and the same spot is 2.4 degrees warmer than the varmerekorden in Norway, Nesbyen in Hallingdalen. And 16, 4 degrees colder than kulderekorden in Norway in Karasjok, in Finnmark county. The heat in the East Siberia is the highest in the 130 years it has been measured, and five degrees higher than average the last few years up until 2010.
It is wild. But it should be wilder, much wilder, because large parts of the nor-eastern Siberia is on fire. An area as large as Portugal is burning. It is the second year in a row skogbrannene is so large scale, and many of them are impossible to extinguish. One reason is rekordvarmen. Another reason is that it is not raining, and that the sun roast around the clock, also there is the beautiful midnight sun. But the main reason is that large parts of this part of the world is the bog landscape. And on the marsh is the peat, a material that in the old days was used for the heating, also in Norway.
Torva is burning well, and since the peat layer is often several meters deep, then it is difficult - sometimes impossible - to extinguish the fires. Thus, it is the soil itself that burns, and scientists now believe that parts of this year's fire have spent the winter in torva from last year and flared up again in the summer, because it never really was extinguished. For in the year there was also rekordvarmt, and a record number of fires. But this year it's even worse. According to the Russian authorities as one tries to extinguish 136 fires. But the 159 fires get burn in peace, because they happen on for the inaccessible places where it is too expensive to extinguish them.Shoot down all confidence Comment
Torva burning leads to the fact that it released huge amounts of greenhouse gases. Torva drop down from ten to one hundred times as much greenhouse gases as an equivalent amount of wood. The vast Sakha region, also known as Jakutia, where the city Verkhojansk is, release it in the summer out as much CO2 as Belgium, a country with 11, 5 million inhabitants, making in the course of a year. The region is well on the way uninhabited by humans, but in high degree affected by the people. The temperature here increases more than twice as much as in the rest of the world, in some places much more.
But torva does even more damage. For under torva is the permafrost, a layer of eternal frost, which so far has not thawed during the summer. Now is thawing the permafrost in summer, and also it has a major impact. For all that is man-made in these latitudes, are built under the assumption that permafrost is stable because. Now flows the reason, and it has in years led to a massive spill of diesel in the city of Norilsk because of the breach in the pipe. In the city far west of Verkhojansk lives of 170 000 people. Many of them now live on one side because 60 per cent of the houses in the city have begun to move on, and many have been uninhabitable. The reason the houses even stood on the float. Everything flows even though it really is dry.
There is thus a vicious circle where the man-made climate change is triggering a warmth that gets the earth to burn, the permafrost under the ground to melt, and much of what mankind has created on top of borda, to overturn. It leads to the emission of oil products pollute the water and landscape, and the emission of greenhouse gases that pollute the atmosphere in a more condensed way than other fossil fuels.
in contrast to many individual cases of extreme weather, so one can state that handle the extreme weather and climate change we now see in Eastern Siberia is man-made. Scientists at the World Weather Attribution, which specializes in calculating the chances for extreme weather events, concluded last week with that ekstremvarmen in Verkhojansk in the summer is several thousand times more likely because of man-made climate change, than it would be without. This is in contrast to varmebølgen that hit Europe in the last year, the same researchers thought were five times as likely with man-made climate change, which without.
The otherwise insignificant the city Verkhojansk, with a little over 1000 inhabitants, is thus the evidence before the something - for those who still need it - that climate change is man-made. But the people in Verhojansk do not need mathematical calculations from the climate scientists. They can see everything with the naked eye. Because the earth round them burn."Zombie-fires" threaten Siberia You can submit your article and opinion piece in Dagbladet here
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