A single should replace RSA, premium, business and housing aid, and even the minimum old-age pension and the allowance for disabled adult. Revolution in sight.
A "maquis " opaque" : these are the words of Emmanuel Macron called last September the system of social minima. To clarify, the idea, the measure's flagship anti-poverty, was to develop a "universal income activity" (RUA) merging "the greatest possible number of benefits".
But the question for the government to go it alone on this folder is extra-sensitive. To prepare for the reform, it has adopted the "method Delevoye" : a long phase of consultation should take place up to the end of the year, in the spirit of the one organized for the pension reform. The kick-off has been whistled on Monday by the minister of Solidarity and Health, Agnès Buzyn. What it will look like new using ? The point on what has been announced and the issues to be decided.
What support will be merged ?
Three benefits at least will be affected : the RSA, revenu de solidarité active, the premium of activity, and housing aid (APL - aide, custom housing, ALF - housing allowance family character -, ALS - allocation of housing having a social character). However, the government has explained that they do melt it's not 100% in the new device. A "supplement" of housing would be created, particularly for those who do not perceive the RSA.Your support is essential. Subscribe for $ 1 support Us
It is not yet known what other aids will be covered. Among the tracks : the AAH - allocation disabled adult, the ASS - allowance of specific solidarity, be affected by the unemployed at the end of the rights - and Aspa - solidarity allowance for the elderly, the ex minimum old-age pension.
How many people are involved ?
All will depend on the scope of the provision. By the end of 2017, recipients of social minimum benefits were $ 4.2 million. This represents 7 million people, if you add in spouses and children. This number could increase to 15, including the public RSA and housing aid, which are not of minimum social standards. This will be even more so if the government opens the RUA to 18-25 year olds.
That criticizes the current system ?
The government deplores, above all, its complexity, which is that many people do not seek the aid to which they are entitled : the estimated rate of non-use of RSA is 30%. It also indicates want to put on foot a scheme more transparent, so that the beneficiaries are aware of the easily identify the gain brought by a resumption of work and that they are winners every time. He would also like to make it more fair, for a recovery of activity provides the same amount of people to the income - equivalent wage more aid.
When this provision will come in force ?
The bill is expected in 2020 and the first RUA would be paid in 2022 or 2023. Of ministry source, the new device would not be tested locally before being generalized. Instead, the idea is to apply it first to the new recipients, and then to extend it to those who already benefit from the current benefits, as their situation changes.
How much will it cost to measure ?
During the consultation, discussions will be carried out at a constant budget, for methodological reasons, the government says. This does not bode of the budget decisions that have to be written down in 2020. The first ad suggests that the overall budget will not be decreased. And that, to the contrary, the extra money could be put on the table, without more details.
If, as expected, the reform was a rise in the number of beneficiaries through the reduction of non-recourse, it would be hardly sustainable not to grant a budget extension. Failing that, the redesign would be to cut back on the aid of the current beneficiaries.
Same thing if it is decided to grant the RUA to young people. Regarding the AAH, the government promises that if it is integrated, the spending now dedicated to people with disabilities would not be diluted in the merger and would remain devoted to it.
he Will be able to give his opinion ?
The consultation will be twofold. Between June and December, will be consulted in the "institutional" associations, local authorities and social partners. Citizens will also have their say : an internet platform needs to be open from mid-September to end of October ; a citizen jury "representative of the diversity of the French population" should look in November on topics "technically complex" ; workshops should be organized in the regions with, in particular, of those receiving the aid in question.
RUA, this is the final name ?
Not sure, have pointed out Monday, the teams in charge of the reform. The term "activity" will pose concern if the AAH is integrated into the device, because many of the recipients are not able to access employment.
Who will lead the reform ?
It is placed under the responsibility of Christelle Dubos, secretary of State to Agnès Buzyn. The prior coordination has been entrusted to Olivier Noblecourt, inter-ministerial delegate to the prevention of and the fight against poverty. As for the travaux techniques, they are carried out since march by Fabrice Lenglart, general rapporteur of the reform.
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What is the relationship with the universal income of Benoît Hamon ?
No, or almost. Projects and a variety of "universal income ", including the one advocated by Benoît Hamon to the presidential election, "agree on the fact that it must be paid to all, without conditions nor counterparts," said The Express in September, the philosopher, liberal Gaspard Koenig, deeming the use of the expression "dishonest".