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Unemployment insurance: what will look like future rights of the unemployed?

Resigned, independent, CDD... Muriel Pénicaud has unveiled this march 2, the broad lines of the reform promised by Emmanuel Macron. The changes that are on the

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Unemployment insurance: what will look like future rights of the unemployed?

Resigned, independent, CDD... Muriel Pénicaud has unveiled this march 2, the broad lines of the reform promised by Emmanuel Macron. The changes that are on the horizon.

The reform of the unemployment insurance is now on track. After the project of the national interprofessional agreement (ANI) signed by the union and employers ' organisations on 22 February last, the government has taken over the hand.

on The side of social partners, it was feared that the ministry of Labour does not revert to that at the margin the provisions, in the image of what seems to be the draw for the vocational training. Speaking of Friday, march 2, in Paris , Muriel Pénicaud explained that it was "in line with the text of the agreement" and that it would resume a good part of the provision provided. A signal sent to the trade unions, in particular, who had threatened not to sign if their opinion was not taken into account.

The future project of the law "professional Future", which will include several sub-components (training, apprenticeship and unemployment insurance) should be presented at the Council of ministers on 18 April next. By then, several technical provisions will need to be specified and other meetings are planned with the social partners. If all the settings are not established, the general philosophy of the text, it is known. Explanation of text.

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1. Of the resigning members covered by unemployment insurance

It was one of the great promises of Emmanuel Macron is to grant a right to unemployment benefits for employees who resign. If the unemployment insurance is already planning a fortnight of the event for which it is possible to obtain an unemployment benefit in case of resignation, the future text will allow to extend this right to employees who leave their position to carry out a conversion plan.

The social partners had planned to make it effective, every seven years, the government reverted to its original promise: workers will be able to enjoy it every five years. The social partners had wished to exclude the creators of the device, but the government wants to integrate.

DECRYPTION >> Touch unemployment after a resignation, it is possible!

This measure is expected to affect between 20 000 and 30 000 people per year. The department admits with 'humility' that it is difficult to quantify exactly the number of beneficiaries and the cost of the measure, initially estimated at at least € 180 million and set to be even higher...

Finally, the government has decided on the compensation conditions of the job seekers: they will be the same as those of other job seekers. the social partners had put a veto on a possible reduction of rights.

2. An allowance of € 800 for the independent winding-up

Another promise made by Emmanuel Macron: the possibility for the self-employed workers to receive compensation for damages. The social partners have returned to the topic, considering it too complex. A lot of work on the workers of platforms should be conducted. The government wants to address the issue from the point of view of their status, training and access to unemployment. It is not yet established if this part will or will not be built into the bill or returned to later.

For the independent, the government has chosen to set to 800 euros per month, the amount of the fee to the unemployment. It will be paid for six months for the artisans, self-employed, self-contractors who have had at least 10 000 euros of revenues, and is in liquidation.

"there will be no new increase in contribution" has been guaranteed by the ministry of Labour. This new law, which is expected to cost 140 million euros to about 30 000 beneficiaries", will be financed by the increase of the CSG implementation from January 2018.

3. The bonus-malus contracts short outstanding

The bonus-malus promised by the government to hunt for short-term and claimed by the unions is ready. "The text of the law will include a provision allowing the minister to establish by decree", explains the department to justify its determination to put in place. However, this device "that will not be a" gas plant, promises the rue de Grenelle. A "rate breaks" of contract would be calculated with all the purposes of contracts (excluding resignations) and reported to the global workforce. This rate, smoothed over several years, will be compared to an average national or sectoral.

READ ALSO >> The government is going to impose his bonus-malus?

This device will not, however, established that if the negotiations in the branches planned until the end of the year does not give rise to "sufficient results".

"We will know very quickly by seeing their agreements or if they do not succeed," warns the cabinet of the minister, who refuses yet to set quantitative criteria to evaluate these results. the government wants to believe that today "the pressure on employers is not the same" as during the quinquennium previous says one in the entourage of the minister.

4. An increased control of job-seekers remains to be set

The other parts of the text relate to the governance of the unemployment insurance, on which the government would wish to take the hand. A meeting should take place in the coming weeks with the social partners. This will also be the opportunity for them to reflect on the future sanctions applied to job seekers who do not seek actively for work. "The current system is inconsistent," says the minister, without detailing his plan.

Read our complete file

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the Only certainty: in order to build up the arsenal, the actual control of the job center dedicated to this task will be tripled from 200 to 600 agents (no external recruitment). Emmanuel Macron had talked about a task force of 1000 people during the campaign and the rue de Grenelle ensures that it is "possible" that this is to be achieved by the end of the quinquennium. Many sensitive issues remain to be decided before mid-April.

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