The social partners have reached an agreement on February 22, but some trade unions did not sign not necessarily. The standoff with the government began.
Anger and bitterness. The social partners, which met on 22 February after-noon, to finalize a draft agreement on the unemployment insurance, all had to have across the throat of the statements of Muriel Pénicaud the same morning, on the subject of their negotiation on vocational training. The minister of Labour has estimated that the fruit of their work was not up to the challenges, despite progress being made on the personal account of formation (CPF). She announced a government plan for next Tuesday, is intended to create the "big bang" that the employers ' organisations and trade unions would therefore not be able to breathe.
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It is thus in a climate of "denial of the social democracy" that they have begun the final stretch of negotiations. "The final text is balanced," commented Véronique Descacq at the end of the day. But, the CFDT, a condition for its signing to the fact that the State agrees to comply with the terms of the agreement. FO also. The two organizations are particularly keen to ensure that the government commits to apply a bonus-malus contracts short.Your support is essential. Subscribe for $ 1 support Us
"We will also take into account, to decide the signature of the agreement in unemployment, the repossession by the government, of the agreement training," explained Michel Beaugeas, for FO.
"We want guarantees from the government, has maretelé Eric Courpotin, of the CFTC. Will they accept or will they make us even a shot of the 'big bang'? We will not bother to sign an agreement for it to end in the trash."
Side employers, Alexandre Saubot (Medef) indicated that "the delegation of employers (Medef, UPA, and CPME, editor's note) is recognition lang(ait) in the balance of the agreement and was ready to sign it".
Unemployment for workers: conditions of hyper-strict
That contains the agreement? It plans to offer an allowance to employees resigning to pursue a new professional project. Of course, this new possibility is subject to stringent conditions. A council professional development (CEP) will hear the case. And then an independent job center (which can't be judge and party) the validate. The employee will have a remedy.
The project must be "real and serious". It may be either a skills training that long, either additional training is identified following a validation of acquired experience. Exit the project of creation or resumption of business.
A minimum of 7 years in employment (not necessarily the same one) has been decided, in order to benefit from the device. This should allow touching between 14 000 and 23 000 persons per year.
short-term: the bonus-malus horizon
The subject of the short-term was a big knot, in the negotiations. The challenge was to agree on a way to limit it. In the end, the text clearly indicates that there should be, in accordance with the guidance document forwarded by the government, financial incentives (bonus-malus), if the branches do not negotiate on the short-term (CDD, CDDU and acting) by December 31, 2018.
Unemployment for the self-employed: the issue of platforms is postponed to a later time
The topic of unemployment for the self-employed, it was soon folded. The employers were quick to point out that it was not for a system involving new employer contributions. The project, therefore, refers to a regime of public protection funded by the tax, which is separate from the unemployment insurance of the employees. It would provide for the payment of a specific benefit, according to a fact generator strict, such as the liquidation of the company.
The workers of the digital platforms "economically dependent" is a special case. This is why a joint working group will be established to work on the evolution of regulations to consider for this population. It will issue its finding by the end of 2018. "Do we not say that it is by commissions and working groups that we bury the subject?", ironisait about this a few days ago, Denis Gravouil, negotiator for the CGT.
Governance: the need for clarification of the responsibilities expressed
For the social partners, not be left to the Unédic in the hands of the State. They want to keep the management and the piloting of the scheme. They remind us that the debt is the result of decisions that we can't account for: the financing of Pôle emploi (insured to two-thirds by the Unedic), the support of cross-border workers so that they contribute in the countries where they work, etc .. They invite you, therefore, to clarify the responsibility of all stakeholders. And, in the process, to establish a "conference for employment" to exchange views on the functioning of the labour market, the needs for security of employees...
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How the government will react to this text finalized in a record time of two months? Muriel Pénicaud said on 23 February that it would be about this, "in a few days": "I will say this that it also holds if one considers that it is necessary to go further, particularly on the subject of the fight against insecurity, in which I had said from the start that this was a topic for us, very important."