On the field, the reasons for the low rate of return to employment for recipients of the RSA are known.
Some statistics say it all. While Emmanuel Macron presents his plan poverty this September 13, and he is expected to announce measures to encourage the return to employment of persons earning the income of active solidarity (RSA), the research Branch of the ministry of Solidarity and Health (Drees) has published data on the "exit rate" of minimum social standards. 87% of recipients of the RSA perceive yet five years later, when it should be a safety net, temporary. Proof that getting out of poverty, through work, properly paid, moreover, is not a path easy. in In theory , people must be helped on this journey often fraught with pitfalls. But in fact, this is not always the case.
"Approximately 20% of individuals receive no support, reports Alexis Goursolas, the Federation of the actors of the solidarity. Either they see their referring too rarely, or they have simply not." A history of as, if one believes the departments , expected to play this key role escort. Strangled by the payment of the allowance, which is no longer offset only partially by the State, some will have no choice other than to reduce or remove the service insertion.
advisors multiple which do not communicate with them
The following people would also still too often segmented, with a side a person responsible for social integration, at the level of the department, and the other, an advisor to professional integration employment centre. Without dialogue between the two. This is not the ideal to understand all of the issues of individuals, or even generates conflicting advice. "The logic of boundary spanning needs to be developed to its maximum extent, because no one is only a potential worker, or just a person with social difficulties, writes Lyliane Jean, vice-president of the departmental Council of Loire-Atlantique. As of 2009, it has established "units of employment", to work hand in hand with the public operator.Your support is essential. Subscribe for $ 1 support Us
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For the past two years, things are changing, all the same. The "comprehensive support", set up under the quinquennium Holland, and based on agreements between most of the departments and Pôle emploi, unfolds the good and the bad. It allows for the implementation of pairs involving advisor Pole employment, and social correspondent. Some departments, proactive, have played the game. But many have been content until now to build common databases. The plan poverty could afford to go to the end of the logic, everywhere in France.
Less pressure for welfare recipients
Philippe Delobeau, advisor job center in the Hauts-de-France, is well versed in the overall support, since he devotes 100% of his time. It thus works in close link with the social reference, which deals with the issues of housing, mobility, potential issues administrative... "The follow-up of the job seeker is intensive," he explains. At the beginning, I can see once a week if necessary. The recipients of the RSA have the same duties of an active search for beneficiaries of unemployment benefits, but we offer them a little more listening, understanding and time to achieve them. If they don't feel ready for one of our proposals, for example, we leave them for additional time for reflection."
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most job-seekers, including Philippe Delobeau charge - its portfolio comprises a total of 70 to 100, which is a little - know what is commonly called the "brake devices on the job." First, the mobility. "To remedy this, we have financing solutions of the permit, and offer them, for example the Renault program Mobilize, an offer of solidarity rental with option of purchase."
A professional situation too late
the Other major obstacle : the child care. The difficult conciliation between family and professional life, and for the recipients of social minima, apparent, moreover, from the data of the Drees. 52% of parents of beneficiaries of the RSA and of the allowance of specific solidarity (ASS) are lone parents, 92% of mothers. 29% have at least three children. Among mothers of children under twelve years of age, 56% are looking for a job (and 37% believe that child care is a brake). For others, who have withdrawn from the labour market, child care is the reason most often invoked.
address to the brake devices is it the priority ? Not necessarily so. For Alexis Goursolas, it should be exactly, in some cases, a change in the approach. "We tend to want to fix everything before putting people in a professional situation. It is counter-productive as it is to go against the will of the people who want to find a job and earn money. Suddenly, they get discouraged. In addition, putting people to work, you can often resolve these famous obstacles. It is easier, for example, to find a nursery place when you have a job." The plan poverty could encourage development in a professional situation as fast as possible, through, inter aliament, the structures of insertion by economic activity (work integration social enterprises, or temporary work...), the alternation...
A lack of skills
there is No doubt that the president of the Republic will discuss also today the plan of investment in skills (PEAK), 15 billion, supposed to deliver at the level the people furthest from the employment of The recipients of the RSA are among the target populations. "Production schools, assisted contracts, insertion by the economic activity, professional contract... It is through these trainings that relate to the job that one can avoid the effect of the counter-example of a return on the benches of the school, warns Alexis Goursolas. It is a teaching school, with no immediate access to employment could not function."
Some job seekers for a very long time, affecting the RSA, could also take advantage of the extension of the experimentation Territories, zero long-term unemployed, who have concerned so far ten urban and rural areas. Emmanuel Macron, who in the spring called "remarkable" this initiative is expected a priori to announce a transition to the upper ladder section, with the integration of new territories in the loop.
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