According to the Insee, the salaries of the establishments which have paid the premium have up less than other between 2018 and 2019.
The exceptional bonus of purchasing power, the so-called premium Macron, which was decided after the crisis of the yellow vests at the end of 2018 has generated windfall effects to companies that would have been paid in a different form the same amount in 2019, according to a study published by Insee on Thursday.
"Although they are higher, wages (excluding exceptional bonus), have more slightly increased between the first quarter of 2018 and the first quarter of 2019 in the establishments which have paid the premium than in the other (the variation of momentum of 0.4 percentage point)," notes the Insee.
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"Of institutions would, no doubt, contributed, in a different form, at least a portion of the amount of the premium in the absence of this measure," says Insee, which focused on the premium in the framework of its folder 2020 "study, employment, unemployment, labour income".
the sectors of finance and insurance are most concerned
This premium is exempt from social contributions and income tax, could go up to 1000 euros. In the 1st quarter of 2019, "more than 400 000 institutions have paid around 2.2 billion euros to 4.8 million employees, or average of 401 euro per employee" and "beneficiary".
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"39% of employees of all establishments with 1000 employees or more (irrespective of whether they use it or not to the device) have actually benefited from the premium, compared to 15% in establishments with fewer than 10 employees," explains the national Institute of statistics.
the fields of finance or insurance have more paid this premium for the trade, transport, certain business services as well as the food industry, or the accommodation-restoration.
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in The first quarter of 2019, "the average wage (average wage) rose 2.7% year on year, the largest increase in the last 9 years. Excluding the payroll to 2.2 billion euros, received by employees in respect of the premium, the average wage would not have increased by only 1.3% year on year", explains Insee, is "a progression lower than those of the quarters preceding or following (above 1.5%), which reinforces the assumption of windfall effects".