The property tax will disappear for 80% of homes by 2020, thus depriving the municipalities of a share of tax revenue. The mayors, by playing on rates, might limit the breakage. To the chagrin of the taxpayers.
The Constitution, through its article 72 guarantees to local communities, their legal and financial autonomy. Of the prerogatives which the local elected officials show themselves to be particularly jealous at the time where the government tackles the housing tax, one of their main resources. By eliminating by 2020 the tax to 80% of households who are subject to them, he promised to compensate "for the euro near" the loss of income, which will amount to 10 billion euros. But it also calls on all local authorities to achieve 13 billion of savings.
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For the moment, the system of compensation on the part of the State has been sufficiently detailed at the discretion of mayors, which makes them skeptical. And pushes them to imagine a parade in order to limit the case -and the losses. Elected officials can play on the rates of taxation for the property tax, which remain at their sole discretion. It can increase the rate of the tax, and on the other hand lower the reductions required for the number of dependents, and even one of the reliefs that are optional for people of modest means. "The mayors have the freedom to fix the rate, it is their responsibility", recognizes it for The Express to the department of public Accounts.
increases after 2017 would have to pay
In 2018, the tax must decrease by 30% for the households concerned by the deletion. In 2019, it needs to decline further to 65%, before disappearing permanently in 2020. But an increase decided by the commons might make it reappear, albeit reduced, to 100% of homes, such as the band-aid of captain Haddock. Because the relief that the government is committed to take in charge has been calculated "within the limits of the rates and allowances in force for the taxation of 2017", provides the finance bill. That is to say, the 30%, 65%, and the deletion shall apply only on the amount that has been paid in that year.
concrete Example: for every 100 euros paid in 2017, the tax will increase to 70 euros by 2018, to 35 euros in 2019 and to 0 euros in 2020. But if the common vote for an increase of 10% in 2018, these 10 € will be charged to the taxpayer throughout the quinquennium. This gives you an invoice of 80 euros in 2018, from 45 euros in 2019 and € 10 in 2020. For the 20% of households whose income is too important to be affected by the measure of removal, the 10% increase will weigh even heavier.
"In 2020, there will be all ways of "leftovers"
Increase a tax that Emmanuel Macron denounced it as "unfair" because it is the lowest in the communes in the richest remains very risky politically for mayors, with municipal elections in 2020. "A lot of mayors do not affect the rate because they know that the purchasing power of their citizens is under pressure", provides The Express Antoine Homé, rapporteur of the finance Committee of the Association of mayors of France (AMF). In case some would take even this risk, "taxpayers would not have to pay a balance by the year 2020", is it.
Read our complete fileThe Senate voted for the removal of the housing tax, but in a longer period to Remove the property tax for 80% of households by 2020, 100% in 2023 property Tax : the wrath of the departments
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"We're in the thick fog on this subject", is also the mayor of Wittenheim in the Haut-Rhin. But the risk is real and well taken into account by the executive, paying close attention to the grumbling of mayors on one of the promises feature of the candidate Macron. To avoid having the air go back on his word, the government is considering a mechanism for the limitation of increase in rates. That could, however, conflict with the sacrosanct fiscal autonomy of the communities.