Over the summer starting the last phase in the Nobelkomiteens work with you to choose out this year's peace prize laureate. Red has chosen to nominate Benjamin Ferencz, the man who got nazilederne behind the holocaust never occurred convicted in rettsoppgjøret after the war, and that at the age of 100 years still fighting to prevent the new war crimes.
In 2020 marks the 80 anniversary of the invasion of Norway and the 75th anniversary of the victory over Nazi Germany. The divide between the countries that defeated the nazis is, however, larger than in a long time, the same is krigsfaren.
Red believes this merkeåret should be used to honor the last living leader in rettsoppgjøret against those responsible for the holocaust, for 100 years in the peace service. A peace prize to Ferencz will help to ensure that the new generations do not forget the crimes from the 2. world war ii, and provide the 100-year-old fredsforkjemperen a platform to his work for an international legal order that could prevent war in the future.
the American Ferencz was 27 years old when he was selected to lead the investigation of the German SS forces in rettsoppgjøret we now know as the nuremberg trials. It had to Ferencz, who himself is a jew, investigate one of the worst crimes humanity knows – Hitler's attempt to exterminate the jews with industrial methods.the Uk must stand up for Congo Debate
the Verdict against nazilederne was that known not the end of the Ferencz struggle against war crimes, but the beginning. After the war traveled Ferencz to Germany, where he personally convinced the German authorities to protect the jewish tombs will for all retrospectively, so that the holocaust is not forgotten and never repeated.
In the nuremberg trials was the germans tried and convicted for war crimes, crimes against humanity and illegal wars of aggression. It was never legally investigated whether the allies, the united Kingdom, the Ussr, the united STATES and France, were committing any such crimes, but the victors gave a solemn promise: to ensure peace in the future should the same laws apply to them.
the Page has Ferencz fought for the great powers and the international community should live up to this promise. But first, over 50 years later came the breakthrough with the Rome statute of 1998, which led to the creation of The international criminal court ICC in 2002.
In the Rome statute is defined genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and wars of aggression, as punishable crimes. With the creation of the ICC, we got history's first permanent international court that can prosecute individuals for these crimes.
the great Powers opposed however, the Rome statute, and especially kriminaliseringen of wars of aggression. It helped that the provision on wars of aggression was temporarily omitted when the ICC was created.Turn On the LydErrorAllerede plus customer? Log into herError VIRTUES: Dr. Denis Mukwege was hailed by seemingly the entire Panzi hospital in eastern Congo, when the news that he was one of the recipients of this year's peace prize. His wife received the news with tears of joy. Photo/video: Norwegian Church Aid / NTB Scanpix Show more
The historic judgement of the Nuremberg court determines, however, that "to start wars of aggression is [ ...] the largest international crime, which only differs from other war crimes in that it contains the accumulated evil of the whole".
Ferencz’ lessons from the world wars and the holocaust is just that if one is to avoid the war crimes, so it's not to prosecute soldiers and officers. Also the leaders who start wars must be able to be held responsible.
Ferencz did not this time either and won a new historic victory when a sufficient number of states finally gave its approval to a supplementary agreement that enabled the "dormant" provision on wars of aggression in 2018.
It should therefore take the 73 years from the Nuremberg judgment stated that wars of aggression is the most serious crime, to the world for the first time got an international court where leaders can be held responsible for this crime.Is UD the holy grail? Debate
Still is the judgment of the court option to enforce this prohibition is limited by the fact that not all states have given their consent to the agreement. Ferencz and his allies folkerettsjurister, peace organizations and governments, however, have been joined by more and more states, including half of the Nato member states.
In the year aimed Ferencz gaze and the index finger – against the Norwegian government. It has not yet affiliated itself with the agreement. In an open letter published in the Norwegian newspaper Dagsavisen pointed out Ferencz a huge paradox: the Norwegian government will take up a seat in the Un security council, a body with the prevention of war as the main purpose. But, by not joined with the agreement to enforce the prohibition against wars of aggression, deny the Norwegian government yet to contribute to one of our time most important measures to fulfill the security council the primary purpose.
however, This should not be an argument against giving Ferencz awarded the peace prize for a 100-year life in the peace service. On the contrary, is the ability to make demands to their own and allied governments, not only to the opposing party, an essential quality if one is to succeed in international peace work. This is also the core of the promise that was given in Nuremberg.
75 years after wwii's largest eventually, however, see many seem to have forgotten the lessons from world wars and rettsoppgjøret against Nazi Germany. But in a time when tensions between the great powers increases, and the states still use war as an instrument, Ferencz’ message more important than in a long time: Should we end the war crimes and ensure us against a devastating war between nuclear powers, so we can no longer tolerate impunity for leaders who commit what the Nuremberg court called the most serious crime – to start wars of aggression.
the nobel committee can contribute to this by honouring Ferencz with a well-deserved peace prize in his 101. years.Benjamin has a message to the world You can submit your article and opinion piece in Dagbladet here
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