the Resistance against wind power on land has been extremely strong in several parts of the country. It has been a bipartisan agreement to facilitate development of more wind power, has met reality in the form of massive protests.
Thus, the tverrpolitiske agreement tverrvendt. That is to say - the political parties all have the same in greater or lesser degree adjusted heading powerful in order to meet the criticism and taking down the conflict. It is a good thing. For even if we need more renewable energy to replace fossil energy, in which wind power will play a significant role, the opponents are numerous and significant objections to the way the system has worked until now.
There has been a need for both glasnost (openness) and perestroika (reform) to reduce the fronts in the cold - sometimes hot - conflict over wind power.
Many of these the arguments came the government with answers on in the day, in connection with the new white paper on wind power on land. But it is also the items they push on or do not want to cater to.
In addition - in what has been a skjebnedag for vindkraftsaken in Norway, the Storting has made a decision that gives importance to the licences already granted. A majority has determined that all of the specified licences shall be put on pause, so that they can be reviewed in the ministry of petroleum and energy to investigate that the Norwegian energy act and the administration act is not broken.
Thus, the break in the development which has created so immense reactions, including Haramsøya on Sunnmøre. Vindkraftutbyggingen thus takes a long summer vacation, and it can come in handy. Vindkraftsaken need a debate in peace for threatening utbyggingskonflikter.
Proposals that the government came up with today through his white paper, will not apply Haramsøya and other licences already granted. They are, nevertheless, an answer to the criticism that among other things has come from here.
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1. Local empowerment: the Government will give the municipalities and county municipalities, greater participation in decision-making. They will not give a right of veto, nor does the "informal veto", as the progress party calls his little unredeemed suggestions. The government will continue to that the wind power shall be governed by energy legislation, not the planning and building act. This justifies the energiutbygging is depending on the samarabeid across municipalities, and that it must be taken into account energitilkobling and supply regionally and nationally. At the same time reminds them that in only two of the sixty vindkraftkonsesjoner have local objections have been overrun.
A further tightening, where the municipalities should be notified earlier in the process, entails in practice that the risk that municipalities are overridden in the future is approximately equal to zero. If there is anything vindkraftdebatten has taught the politicians, is it that the local resistance must be consulted. The progress party has warned that this must be tightened to in Parliament, and it may be that there will be an adjustment to accommodate this.
2. More respect for nature and neighbors: the Government also alerts you that the concern for nature and the environment will be emphasized more in the upcoming konsesjonsbehandlinger. This was interesting enough not in the conservative party's seven requirements for new vindkraftkonsesjoner, but it has been a very important part of the popular resistance, to and from parties A and MDG.
the Climate and miljøminister Sveinung Rotevatn, who was to present the white paper today, underlined, however, some important points about the disruptions to the landscape and land use of wind power on land. - Developed and planned wind farms will occupy between 400 and 500 square kilometers of land area, and directly affected area will be between 3 and 5 per cent of this again - that is approximately 25 square kilometers.
at the same time, the total regulated area for the cabins, residential areas and the shopping center at 2777 square kilometers. He emphasized that he had not said it to underspille naturinngrepet from the wind, but to call for equal commitment to biodiversity also in connection with other developments. It is on its place.
3. Time limits and fixed terms for licenses: From before has it been able to take ten to fifteen years from the licence is granted, the facilities are being built. Now will the government that it should take a maximum of six-seven years. In addition, they will
In addition is determined there is a minumsavstand to cabins and a house on the 800 metres, or at least four times the height of the turbines. Also, they will that makshøyder and other essential features of the development shall be locked in there's the license be granted. It is one of the things that has created the basis for many of the most powerful reactions up to now. As it has been a long time from licences have been granted, and the technology has developed, the turbines have been able to be a hundred meters higher than planned. Fewer turbines, and thus perhaps with less intervention in the natural environment - but far more visible in the landscape.
All of this the government has praise for. It had been quite impossible to go further with vindkraftutbygginger in Norway without these innstrammingene arrived at the place. Nevertheless, there is something essential missing: More financial compensation locally.
A financial reward for inngrepene that local must live with, will give a sense of justice - and, of course, increase the likelihood that it will be possible to get to more developments. And they are needed, within the framework which has now become even more stringent.
the Uk is now well on the way to cutting emissions due to electrification of vehicle fleets. This will continue, and more sectors to go. More industry, more transportation to go from being powered by fossil emissions, to be operated with zero emissions. Statnett has calculated that it takes 40 TWh to get to this transition - about a third of the energy production we already have today. Hydropower without new, major disruptions to the landscape will be able to provide 5 TWh with skatteendringer that actually was passed in Parliament this week.
Thus, there is much that remains to be done. We need vindkraften, but we need to get it in place in a way that people accept and that do not provide for major changes in the nature.
For in the bottom of the this is a great seriousness. Greenhouse gas emissions to be down to zero by 2050. If not, run the risk of the world catastrophic and irreversible climate change. Reducing of nature and the loss of biodiversity is also a huge threat on par with climate change. These two things hang also together, and vindkraftdebatten is an example of the fact that they both are interdependent of each other and can come into conflict. The ability to find this balance and to get us out of deadlock situations on the road, will be essential if Norway is able to help to resolve this.
There will be plenty of reasons to sit on their hind legs, and really everything for a short time to find good solutions. Therefore, it is important to keep the pace up - both in development, and konfliktløsningen.This has been dangerous Comment You can submit your article and opinion piece in Dagbladet here
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