In Brussels, to negotiate with the 27 heads of government for a few days on the EU budget for the next seven years. Night-time meetings, abandoned the negotiations. What exactly is at stake? Five questions about the eu's multiannual financial framework (MFF).
What is the Eu long-term budget (MULTIANNUAL financial framework), anyway?
the multi-annual financial framework set by the European heads of government in the financing of the activities and policies of the EU. The implementation of the budget for a seven-year period (2021-2027), and must be made by all the member states for approval.
of the MULTIANNUAL financial framework, the ceilings adopted by the EU on an annual basis and for the duration of the budget to spend. In addition, the European Council, the European Parliament's consent to the MULTIANNUAL financial framework. Before the end of this year, the parties have reached an agreement on the new Eu multi-annual budget.
What is the height of the MULTIANNUAL financial framework be determined?
At this point, there is a proposal on the table from the Commission, which, in the long-term budget comes out to 1.074 billion euros. That is only a few tens of billions of dollars more than the previous budget. The negotiations for the MULTIANNUAL financial framework are known to be a difficult process. Even before the outbreak of the COVID-19 is passed, the negotiations are very difficult.
In may 2018, the European Commission presented its first proposal for the new MULTIANNUAL financial framework. In February 2020, reduced by the Commission in its MFF proposal, with tens of billions of euros. Currently in negotiations with the Eu heads of government, under the leadership of Council president Charles Michel, the contribution of the member states of the European union's budget.
The EU budget of the current MULTIANNUAL financial framework, which will run from 2014 to 2020, which amounts to around 1000 billion euros. That's about 1% of the total Eu gross domestic product (gdp). Gdp is the total gdp of all the member states of the eu.
What is the role of the coronaherstelfonds in the MULTIANNUAL financial framework? < / p> The coronaherstelfonds is linked to the long-term budget. European leaders have agreed to negotiate at the same time, both of these packages. The costs of the MULTIANNUAL financial framework and the herstelfonds amount, together, in the order of 1.8 billion euros. In both of these procedures allow member states to make use of their veto power, which allows individual member states to an agreement may apply. The netherlands, in both of the negotiations is very critical.
The coronaherstelfonds it was the last period of time to enter for the purpose of discussion. Countries such as the Netherlands, Denmark, Austria, the netherlands, Finland, norway and Sweden have been unwilling to make more than 350 billion euros of gifts to accept. In addition, it requires, among others, Mark Rutte, that the herstelfonds accompanied by reforms in the various European countries, such as Italy and Spain.
How does the Dutch government in the debate on the MULTIANNUAL financial framework? < / p> Prime minister mark Rutte revealed in the last time period is one of the most critical of European leaders on the EU budget. As the leader of the " fuel-efficient four-the Netherlands, Denmark, Austria, the netherlands, and Sweden), the Netherlands is a very, very critical of the eu's MFF proposal and the associated herstelfonds. Thus, these countries are not in agreement with the increased the EU's budget. This plan should be made by Brexit, less states have to pay for a higher EU budget.
As a guideline, and lowered Charles Michel, the European union's budget, recently, in order to meet the needs of critical countries. Also, you should 'contributors', such as the Netherlands, which is more about the EU than they are in subsidies to receive their rebate on the rebate of the EU-contribution will be preserved. This is the case for the Netherlands, is an important prerequisite for an agreement on the next MULTIANNUAL financial framework.
What will happen if no agreement is reached prior to the end of the year?
If, on January 1, 2021, no new MULTIANNUAL financial framework has been presented, the EU is still on a budget. A special line of writing to the European Commission each and every month as one-twelfth of the annual budget for the previous EU budget, must spend. The terms and amounts of the MULTIANNUAL financial framework by 2020, it will be maintained. The Board may also decide, in consultation with the Commission, the expenditure of more than one-twelfth of the annual budget to be approved.