The social and solidarity economy (SSE) brings together the structures that seek to reconcile economic activity and social utility. But to get the job that puts people and the environment at the heart of projects, a solid education is required.
In 2011, Diana Tanhchaleun and her friend Charlotte Ogier, then aged 24 years and earned a master's degree in entrepreneurship from the institut d'administration des entreprises (IAE) of Grenoble, in answer to a call for proposals for the creation and animation of a coffee associative to the Patio, home of the inhabitants of a neighbourhood of Grenoble.
A social enterprise and cultural
Their project has been accepted by the City and the café-restaurant le Barathym, has opened its doors the following year. It provides entertainment and a social link, gives classes in-school support after-school and organises debates, in the evening. The desire to change the world and a will fierce to be an actor of changes underway are at the origin of the approach of the two young women.
"today, we speak of social and solidarity economy, social entrepreneurship, of economic integration, solidarity finance and fair trade... so many activities that put humans and the environment at the heart of the projects", explains Elodie Bensoussan, head of the program Jeun'EHS shall Notify the applicant in partnership with the CSA institute for studies and consulting. According to the survey on "the perception of the ESS by the 16-30-year", carried out by this program, it is people from generation Y who are leading the more this type of action: 84% of young people surveyed are willing to apply in a company that combines economic performance and creation of right values.Your support is essential. Subscribe for $ 1 support Us
The sphere of the SSE is very demanding. For the most part, the trainings preparing to a bac+3 or bac+5. According to the national Observatory of the SSE, there are more than 70. The courses are for more than 60% of them to master level 2, offered at 80% by universities, of which two-thirds are attached to the UFR (unit of formation and research), law, economics and management and humanities and social sciences.
In regards to the IUT (university institutes of technology) and the channels of political science, the offers are much less abundant. Of the licences professionnelles (bac+3) offer different specialities: the organisation of the third sector and solidarity economy, to the business management of the SSE or the associations, through the management of the organizations of the SSE or the development of projects for social action. They are, for the most part, localized in the Ile-de-France.
master 2 (bac+5), it is possible to specialize in more specific areas: the management, the conduct of projects at the international, humanitarian or social entrepreneurship. These formations are concentrated mainly in the Rhône-Alpes, Ile-de-France and in the Pas-de-Calais.
By the way, this economy of the link creates almost 10% of the national wealth and is expected to create more jobs than the private sector economy by 2020. "With more than 600,000 employees of more than 50 years, it is more than one employee out of four who is expected to retire by 2020," concludes the national Observatory of the SSE.
Read our complete filejob Code: three claims of the social and solidarity economy Law Work: the companies of the SSE demand changes Create his own company to... change the world
A vector for job creation
According to the survey Jeun'EHS shall Notify the applicant, the SSE is the first employer in the social sector (62%), sport and recreation (55%). It is the second largest employer of financial activities, banking, insurance (30%), culture (27%) and education (19%). Not to mention that the francs-tireurs to the entrepreneurial spirit also have their cards to play !