For four days and four nights with beinharde negotiations, full of hostile crises and hard outcomes, adopted the 27 heads of state and government in the EUROPEAN union a historic agreement on new langtidsbudsjett and a huge krisepakke to reconstruction after the corona-virus's ravages. The agreement involves the two revolutions which will change the EU fundamental.
Charles Michel, the president of the EUROPEAN council, announced the agreement at 05:31 on Tuesday morning. Thus, this summit is the second longest in history, only beaten by a half an hour of the summit in Nice in December 2000.
"A historic day for Europe," said France's president, Emmanuel Macron. It was him who, together with chancellor Angela Merkel in Germany 18. may first presented the proposal for a comprehensive krisepakke funded through the EU budget by taking up debt in the community's name.
the EUROPEAN union now a fund for the reconstruction of about 750 billion euros. 390 billion of this to be allocated as support to the most affected member states, like Italy and Spain. 360 billion to be lent to member states for application. The EUROPEAN commission has rock solid confidence in the financial markets and can obtain more favourable loan terms than each individual country.
This involves two steps in the federal direction for the EU. Firstly, the EU has never before taken up a loan in this the extent to which the member states jointly responsible for. The other is the 390 billion to be shared out as pure support and not to be paid back by the recipient, but of the EUROPEAN union in the community, a tool for solidarity and a new step towards a "overføringsunion". Both parts have previously be taboo. And until recently, Germany has always opposed the the kind of.
enough are both temporary. But EU countries must live together with common loan in thirty years. There are two steps towards a more federal, more compassionate and more closely knit EUROPEAN union. "It is a historic turning point for our Europe," says the Macron. If you judge by history, there is hardly any way back to as it was before. Diplomats who were present comparing this summit with when the euro was born in may 1998.Life in the alert condition Comment
In the solidaritetens name get now Italy is a assistance of close to 80 billion euros, Spain 72 billion and France 40 billion, say those who have counted on it.
Langtidsbudsjettet for the EU in the next seven years ended at 1,074 trillion euro. The fund of 750 billion euros along with the three adopted measures for the unemployed, health care and business and industry in a total of 540 billion, equivalent to 17 per cent of total value added in the EU, according to the EUROPEAN commission.
Macron and Merkel was closely coordinated during the entire summit. What got Merkel to back in may were Macrons warnings about the collapse of the internal market and the euro-cooperation if all countries started the crisis measures without coordination and into conflict with each other.
But it was a hard battle. On the one hand stood the prime ministers Giuseppe Conte from Italy and Pedro Sánchez from Spain, who asked for the most possible solidarity and pointed to the danger from the EU-hostile forces on the outer right wing if not the EU would now help the hardest hit. On the other side stood the "sparsommelige", or "miserly", four countries, the Netherlands, Sweden, Denmark and Austria, which got the approval from Finland. They were led by Mark Dough, the Dutch prime minister. Basically he rejected a krisefond and in any case should the assistance is provided as loans on strict conditions.Deserted summer by the Mediterranean sea Comment
Originally, the fund of 750 billion consist of 500 billion in support and the rest as loans. Dough would have a smaller fund. When threatened Marcron to go home and got their plane ready for departure. But the Dough got through to provide less support and more in loans. So would the Dough have the right of veto when the money should be distributed to be able to control what the money is used for. But Italy and Spain would not return to formynderskapet that hit Greece and other countries for ten years back. The prime minister of Greece, Kyriakos Mitsotakis, accused in the Dough to act as "the Eu politikonstabel". There was no veto.
But Michel had to offer the "miserly" countries in the north discounts in payments to the EU budget. These discounts, which the united Kingdom fought for, and which is also Germany are benefiting by without to ivre for them, hoped they should be abolished now when the british are out of the EU. Had the british been with, had the entire contract been in the sink with a british veto.
Dough also tried to get into a clear requirement to protect the rule of law in order to receive the EU support. But many suspect him of a hidden motive, hoping to lure Hungary and Poland to overturn the whole agreement. It ended with some ulne words. Afterwards said Dough that he would not call the agreement "historic".
Michel was the summit of an ordeal as the president of the EUROPEAN council. He was, but he is the former belgian prime minister, and no one is the prime minister of Belgium without being a political rev in the endless belgian regjeringsforhandlingene. The summit showed a revived axis Berlin – Paris as the locomotive of the EUROPEAN union. Macron, who from the time he was president was eager for a stronger EU, which can be most satisfied.Now falls taboos in the EUROPEAN union Comment You can submit your article and opinion piece in Dagbladet here
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