It also points out some rates for rent in the use of a private car, a registry of empty homes and reform of regional financing
MADRID, 2 May. (EUROPA PRESS) -
Add shuffle among its first proposals a gradual drop in university fees until achieving, within a period of 10 years, achieve at least the free first year of the university degree, is in favor of reducing the working day and points to a tax deduction for low-income employees.
It also suggests analyzing the creation of some taxes, based on income, for certain uses of private vehicles in order to promote public transport, a specific aviation tax on routes where there is an alternative by train, undertaking a new financing model without delay and evaluate limitations on the purchase of housing in excessively stressed market areas that do not have residential use as their purpose.
This is how the platform collects it in its documents of the sectoral working groups, which is the first framework of its programmatic proposal for the next decade but which is not final, since it is now open to citizen participation and deliberation.
Within the health field, he is in favor of raising the budget for health spending up to 4%, promoting the progressive "extinction" of Muface and enabling its integration into the National Health System, allocating between 25 and 30% of the specific budget for Primary Care and promote community medicine departments in all universities in the next decade.
In terms of housing, it also includes the promotion of a national registry of empty housing, which contemplates sanctions against large holders who prolong the condition of an uninhabited apartment for more than two years, as well as allowing the IBI surcharge on empty apartments to exceed the 150%.
It is also committed to lowering VAT to 4% for promotions of public housing for rent managed by the administration or collaborating entities of the public sector, or that the ICO leads consortia to promote stable mortgage loans in social housing, both in right to surface as in full ownership.
On the other hand, in excessively stressed market areas, it is proposed to explore limitations on the purchase of housing that does not have a residential purpose, as well as regulating tourist apartments and seasonal rentals.
In educational matters, the first ideas collected by the platform propose to progressively suppress public financing of private centers (concerted model), starting with school areas where there is "oversupply".
It also suggests that it is "essential" in primary and compulsory secondary education to "limit repetition" of school to "exceptional cases" and favor educational reinforcement measures in the face of learning difficulties.
On the other hand, it is committed to an educational system that "respects freedom of conscience" and suggests that the subject of religion is not part of the educational curriculum or school hours.
As regards access to university, the objectives are to follow the path of increasing the number of scholarships and reduce university enrollment per course to levels below 1,000 euros in all public universities, as well as "to balance the balance between the minimum grade and socioeconomic situation", with aid based on income.
And in the medium term and in relation to a policy of reducing public prices, it slides that progressively in a decade, at least the first course of university studies would have to be free.
In regional matters, he points to the need to increase the self-government of the communities, thus advancing in federalism, and sees a reform of the regional financing system as urgent, which addresses the "underfinancing" suffered by some territories such as the Valencian Community, Murcia or Andalusia.
Regarding the care section, the idea of adapting the leave of absence system and allowing the mandatory six weeks for birth permits are not necessarily simultaneous for both parents. One of the main proposals in this section is to reduce the working day to 35 or 32 hours in general.
Another of the ideas collected by Sumar is to promote a tax deduction for low-wage workers, along the lines of the US 'earned income tax credit (EITC)' and an upward trend in minimum income guarantee benefits. He also includes in the proposal synthesis documents the possibility of implementing a "reimbursable or universal" tax deduction to support families with dependent minors.
In terms of mobility, in an emission reduction and tax reform premium, outlines a rate for the use of infrastructure by rent and type of car and the number of uses when taking a private vehicle, in cases where there are alternative modes of transport to less than 75% of the price of a trip by private car and with a frequency of more than four services per day, which would be used to pay for public transport.
It also slides a system of urban tolls based on income in large cities with high-frequency mobility services, such as having the metro, with the deployment of legislation that would allow city councils to implement a co-management fee to reduce the presence of the private vehicle, always applied with due considerations of a social nature.
At the same time, it is committed to a tax on air travel when there are less polluting, alternative and viable modes of transport, seeking the modal transfer to railways. In these cases, subsidies to airlines would be discouraged.
Another line suggested by the platform is to review the taxation of automotive vehicles (by type of fuel, for example), with the sectoral "due compensation" and applying a policy based on income that facilitates the mobility of people with less economic capacity.
In addition, it contemplates the implementation of a compensation fund for the "radiality effect" in the infrastructures, to compensate the communities affected by this phenomenon.